Monetary Policy Communiques
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The legal backing for monetary policy by the Bank derives from the various statutes of the bank such as the CBN Act of 1958 as amended in CBN Decree No. 24 of 1991, CBN Decree Amendments 1993,No. 3 of 1997,No. 4 of 1997,No. 37 of 1998,No. 38 of 1998,1999 and CBN Act of 2007.
Section 12 Sub-sections (1) to (5), CBN Act of 2007 (Ammended)
In order to facilitate the attainment of price stability and to support the economic policy of the Federal Government, there shall be a Committee of the Bank known as the Monetary Policy Committee (in this Act referred to as "the MPC")
The MPC shall have responsibility within the Bank for formulating monetary and credit policy
The appointment of a member of the MPC pursuant to sub-section 2 (d) and (e) of this section, the remuneration , filling of temporary vacancies,
qualification, tenure of office and disqualification shall be subject to the same terms as are stipulated for a Director under sections 10 and 11 of this Act.
The provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the proceedings of the MPC
Naira notes and coins are printed/minted by the Nigerian Security Printing and Minting Plc (NSPM) Plc and other overseas printing/minting companies and issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). At the currency printing works of the NSPM Plc, quality is meticulously controlled throughout every process of currency production. This guarantees that every note issued meets the required standard. The CBN maintains an office called Mint Inspectorate in the premises of the NSPM Plc to maintain security and quality of Naira notes and coins.
Currency is issued to deposit money banks through the branches of the CBN, and old notes retrieved through the same channel. Currency deposited in the CBN by the banks are processed and sorted to fit and unfit notes in line with the clean note policy. The clean notes are re-issued while the dirty notes are destroyed.
Currency in Circulation (₦ m)
Development financing is one of the requirements for sustainable economic growth in any economy. The supply of finance to various sectors of the economy will promote the growth of the economy in a holistic manner and this, will make development, welfare improvement to proceed at a faster rate.
The Central Bank of Nigeria development finance initiatives involve the formulation and implementation of various policies, innovation of appropriate products and creation of enabling environment for financial institutions to deliver services in an effective, efficient and sustainable manner. The initiatives are mainly targeted at agricultural sector, rural development and micro, small and medium enterprises.
Financial inclusion has continued to assume increasing recognition across the globe among policy makers, researchers and development oriented agencies. Its importance derives from the promise it holds as a tool for economic development, particularly in the areas of poverty reduction, employment generation, wealth creation and improving welfare and general standard of living.
A survey conducted in Nigeria in 2008 by a development finance organization, the Enhancing Financial Innovation and Access revealed that about 53.0% of adults were excluded from financial services. The global pursuit of financial inclusion as a vehicle for economic development had a positive effect in Nigeria as the exclusion rate reduced from 53.0 % in 2008 to 46.3 % in 2010.
The payments system plays a very crucial role in any economy, being the channel through which financial resources flow from one segment of the economy to the other. It, therefore, represents the major foundation of the modern market economy. Essentially, there are three pivotal roles for the payments system, namely: the Monetary Policy role, the financial stability role and the overall economic role.
The Nigerian Payments System witnessed remarkable achievements in the recent past, with the introduction of a number of initiatives under the Payments System Vision 2020
Since the introduction of Whole Sale Dutch Auction System (WDAS) on February 20, 2006, the liberalized Foreign Exchange Market witnessed unprecedented stability most of which include the following:
The supervisory function of CBN is structured into four departments:1. Financial Policy and Regulation Department
Financial Policy and Regulation department develops and implements policies & regulations aimed at ensuring financial system stability. It also licenses & grants approvals for banks and other financial institutions.
Banking Supervision Department carries out the supervision of Deposit money banks and Discount houses while Other Financial Institutions Supervision Department supervises other financial institutions.
The CBN in April 1994 undertook to facilitate a formal framework for the co-ordination of regulatory and supervisory activities in the Nigerian financial sector by establishing the Financial Services Coordinating Committee (FSCC) to address more effectively, through consultations and regular inter-agency meetings, issues of common concern to regulatory and supervisory bodies.
On 27th May, 1994, the name of the Committee was changed to Financial Services Regulation Coordinating Committee (FSRCC). The Committee was accorded legal status by the 1998 amendment to Section 38 of the CBN Act 1991 and formally inaugurated by the Governor of the CBN in May 1999. http://www.fsrcc.gov.ng/
|MPD/DIR/GEN/MPC/08/049||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 126 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting with Personal Statements |
|MPC - 126 - 2019 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 126 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of September 19 and 20, 2019 |
|MPC - 125 - 2019 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 125 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 22nd and Tuesday 23rd July 2019 with Personal Statements UPDATED |
|MPC - 125 - 2019 - 1||Central bank of Nigeria Communique no. 125 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 22nd and Tuesday 23rd July, 2019 |
|MPC - 124 - 2019 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique no. 124 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 20th and Tuesday 21st may, 2019, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 124 - 2019 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 124 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 20th and Tuesday 21st May, 2019 |
Published 5/21/2019 1:01:00 AM
|MPC - 123 - 2019 - 2||Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 25th and Tuesday 26th March 2019 with Personal Statement of Members |
|MPC - 123 - 2019 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 123 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 25th and Tuesday 26th March, 2019 |
|MPC - 122 - 2019 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communiqué No. 122 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 21st and Tuesday 22nd January, 2019, with Personal Statements of members |
|MPC - 122 - 2019 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 122 of the Monetary Policy Commitee Meeting of Monday 21st and Tuesday 22 January 2019 |
|MPC - 121 - 2018 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 121 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Wendesday 21st and Thursday 22nd November, 2018, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 121 - 2018 ||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 121 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Wednesday 21st and Thursday 22nd November, 2018 |
|MPC - 120 - 2018 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 120 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 24th and Tuesday 25th September, 2018, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 01 - 2018 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 120 of The Monetary Policy Committee Meeting Of Monday 24th and Tuesday 25th September, 2018 |
|MPC - 119 - 2018 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 119 of The Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of July 23 and 24, 2018, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 119 - 2018 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 119 of The Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 23rd and Tuesday 24th July, 2018 |
|MPC - 118 - 2018 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 118 of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Meeting of May 21 and 22, 2018 with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 118 - 2018 -1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 118 of The Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Monday 21st and Tuesday 22nd May, 2018 |
|MPC - 117 - 2018 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 117 of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Meeting of April 3 and 4, 2018 with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 117 - 2017 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 117 of The Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of Tuesday 3rd and Wednesday 4th April, 2018 |
|Data & Statistics|
|Dev. Finance Guidelines|
|Nigerian Financial Institutions|
|Facts : 1/1/1900|
|NEEDS:National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy was developed by the National Planning Commission, then headed by Prof Charles Soludo. It was endorsed by the Federal Executive Council of Nigeria as a poverty-alleviating strategy. The aim of the scheme was to meet the Millenium Developoment Goals of curbing the menace of poverty in Nigeria and bringing it to the barest minimum by the year 2015.|
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