Monetary Policy Communiques
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The legal backing for monetary policy by the Bank derives from the various statutes of the bank such as the CBN Act of 1958 as amended in CBN Decree No. 24 of 1991, CBN Decree Amendments 1993,No. 3 of 1997,No. 4 of 1997,No. 37 of 1998,No. 38 of 1998,1999 and CBN Act of 2007.
Section 12 Sub-sections (1) to (5), CBN Act of 2007 (Ammended)
In order to facilitate the attainment of price stability and to support the economic policy of the Federal Government, there shall be a Committee of the Bank known as the Monetary Policy Committee (in this Act referred to as "the MPC")
The MPC shall have responsibility within the Bank for formulating monetary and credit policy
The appointment of a member of the MPC pursuant to sub-section 2 (d) and (e) of this section, the remuneration , filling of temporary vacancies,
qualification, tenure of office and disqualification shall be subject to the same terms as are stipulated for a Director under sections 10 and 11 of this Act.
The provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the proceedings of the MPC
Naira notes and coins are printed/minted by the Nigerian Security Printing and Minting Plc (NSPM) Plc and other overseas printing/minting companies and issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). At the currency printing works of the NSPM Plc, quality is meticulously controlled throughout every process of currency production. This guarantees that every note issued meets the required standard. The CBN maintains an office called Mint Inspectorate in the premises of the NSPM Plc to maintain security and quality of Naira notes and coins.
Currency is issued to deposit money banks through the branches of the CBN, and old notes retrieved through the same channel. Currency deposited in the CBN by the banks are processed and sorted to fit and unfit notes in line with the clean note policy. The clean notes are re-issued while the dirty notes are destroyed.
Currency in Circulation (₦ m)
Development financing is one of the requirements for sustainable economic growth in any economy. The supply of finance to various sectors of the economy will promote the growth of the economy in a holistic manner and this, will make development, welfare improvement to proceed at a faster rate.
The Central Bank of Nigeria development finance initiatives involve the formulation and implementation of various policies, innovation of appropriate products and creation of enabling environment for financial institutions to deliver services in an effective, efficient and sustainable manner. The initiatives are mainly targeted at agricultural sector, rural development and micro, small and medium enterprises.
Financial inclusion has continued to assume increasing recognition across the globe among policy makers, researchers and development oriented agencies. Its importance derives from the promise it holds as a tool for economic development, particularly in the areas of poverty reduction, employment generation, wealth creation and improving welfare and general standard of living.
A survey conducted in Nigeria in 2008 by a development finance organization, the Enhancing Financial Innovation and Access revealed that about 53.0% of adults were excluded from financial services. The global pursuit of financial inclusion as a vehicle for economic development had a positive effect in Nigeria as the exclusion rate reduced from 53.0 % in 2008 to 46.3 % in 2010.
The payments system plays a very crucial role in any economy, being the channel through which financial resources flow from one segment of the economy to the other. It, therefore, represents the major foundation of the modern market economy. Essentially, there are three pivotal roles for the payments system, namely: the Monetary Policy role, the financial stability role and the overall economic role.
The Nigerian Payments System witnessed remarkable achievements in the recent past, with the introduction of a number of initiatives under the Payments System Vision 2020
Since the introduction of Whole Sale Dutch Auction System (WDAS) on February 20, 2006, the liberalized Foreign Exchange Market witnessed unprecedented stability most of which include the following:
The supervisory function of CBN is structured into five departments:1. Financial Policy and Regulation Department
Financial Policy and Regulation department develops and implements policies & regulations aimed at ensuring financial system stability. It also licenses & grants approvals for banks and other financial institutions.
Banking Supervision Department carries out the supervision of Deposit money banks and Discount houses while Other Financial Institutions Supervision Department supervises other financial institutions.
The CBN in April 1994 undertook to facilitate a formal framework for the co-ordination of regulatory and supervisory activities in the Nigerian financial sector by establishing the Financial Services Coordinating Committee (FSCC) to address more effectively, through consultations and regular inter-agency meetings, issues of common concern to regulatory and supervisory bodies.
On 27th May, 1994, the name of the Committee was changed to Financial Services Regulation Coordinating Committee (FSRCC). The Committee was accorded legal status by the 1998 amendment to Section 38 of the CBN Act 1991 and formally inaugurated by the Governor of the CBN in May 1999. http://www.fsrcc.gov.ng/
|MPD/DIR/INT/MPC/001/056||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 138 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Thursday 16th and Friday 17th September, 2021 |
|MPC-137-2021||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No.137 of the Monetary Policy Committee of July 26 and 27, 2021, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPD/DIR/PUB/MPC/01/056||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 137 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Monday 26th and Tuesday 27th July, 2021 |
Published 7/27/2021 12:20:10 AM
|MPD/DIR/PUB/MPC/01/054||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 136 of Monetary Policy Committee of May 24 and 25 2021, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC-136-2021-3||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 136 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Monday 24th and Tuesday 25th May 2021 |
|MPD/DIR/PUB/MPC/01/027||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 135 of Monetary Policy Committee of March 22 and 23 2021, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPD/DIR/PUB/MPC/01/024||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 135 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting |
|25 FEB 2021||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 134 of the Monetary Policy Committee of January 25 and 26, 2021, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 134 - 2021 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 134 of the Monetary Policy Committee of January 25 and 26, 2021 |
|MPC - 133 - 2020 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 133 of the Monetary Policy Committee of November 23 and 24, 2020, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 133 - 2020 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 133 of the Monetary Policy Committee of November 23 and 24, 2020 |
Published 11/24/2020 1:00:00 AM
|MPD/DIR/GEN/MPC/09/040||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 132 of the Monetary Policy Committee of September 21 and 22, 2020, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 132 - 2020 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 132 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting Held September 21 and 22 2020 |
|MPD/DIR/GEN/MPC/09/016||CBN MPC Communique No. 131 with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 131 - 2020 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 131 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Monday, July 20, 2020 |
|MPC - 130 - 2020 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communiqué No. 130 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on May 28, 2020, with Personal Statements of Members |
|MPC - 130 - 2020 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No 130 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of May 28 2020 |
|MPC - 129 - 2020 - 2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 129 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Monday 23rd and Tuesday 24th March, 2020, with Personal Statement of Members |
|MPC - 129 - 2020 - 1||Central Bank of Nigeria Communiqué No. 129 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting held on Monday 23rd and Tuesday 24th March, 2020 |
|MPC-128-2020-2||Central Bank of Nigeria Communique No. 128 of the Monetary Policy Committee Meeting of January 23 and 24 2020 with Personal Statement |
|Data & Statistics|
|Dev. Finance Guidelines|
|Nigerian Financial Institutions|
|Facts : 1/1/1995|
|National Clearing System Re-Visited:In January 1995, a revised clearing rule became operational to facilitate effective clearing of financial instruments and shorten the period of clearing. Consequently, inter-state cheque clearing time was reduced from 21 days to 15 days, while intra-state clearing has been reduced from 12 days to 9 days.|
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