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MPC Mandate

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The legal backing for monetary policy by the Bank derives from the various statutes of the bank such as the Central Bank of Nigeria Act of 1958 as amended in CBN Decree No. 24 of 1991, CBN Decree 1993 (Amendment), CBN Decree No. 3 of 1997 (Amendment), CBN Decree No. 4 of 1997 (Amendment), CBN Decree No. 37 of 1998 (Amendment), CBN Decree No. 38 of 1998 (Amendment), CBN Decree 1999 (Amendment) and CBN Act of 2007 (Ammended) which is shown below.

Section 12 Sub-sections (1) to (5), CBN Act of 2007 (Amended)

  1. In order to facilitate the attainment of price stability and to support the economic policy of the Federal Government, there shall be a Committee of the Bank known as the Monetary Policy Committee (in this Act referred to as “the MPC”)
  2. The MPC shall consist of -
    1. the Governor of the Bank who shall be the Chairman
    2. the four Deputy Governors of the Bank
    3. two members of the Board of Directors of the Bank
    4. three members appointed by the President; and
    5. two members appointed by the Governor
  3. The MPC shall have responsibility within the Bank for formulating monetary and credit policy
  4. The appointment of a member of the MPC pursuant to sub-section 2 (d) and (e) of this section, the remuneration , filling of temporary vacancies, qualification, tenure of office and disqualification shall be subject to the same terms as are stipulated for a Director under sections 10 and 11 of this Act.
  5. The provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the proceedings of the MPC


The conduct of Monetary Policy in Nigeria and all activities of the Central Bank of Nigeria relate with the core mandate of the bank and therefore are best understood from this perspective. Consequently, in pursuance of its functions in compliance with the core mandate, the CBN undertakes monetary policy in order to:

  • Maintain Nigeria’s external reserves to safeguard the international value of the legal currency.
  • Promote and maintenance of monetary stability and a sound and efficient financial system in Nigeria.
  • Act as banker and financial adviser to the Federal Government; and
  • Act as lender of last resort to banks.

Read a more detailed core mandate of the Central Bank of Nigeria
Read Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Monetary Policy

Facts : 1/1/1900
Operation Feed the Nation (O.F.N.):Operation Feed the Nation was introduced by the federal military government headed by General Olusegun Obasanjo in 1979.It had the specific focus of increasing food production on the premise that availability of cheap food would ensure a higher nutrition level and invariably lead to national growth and development.OFN lasted till the civilian government of Alhaji Shehu Shagari in 1979.
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